— They are native to the temperate regions of Northern Hemisphere. They are actually a member of a completely different family, Hippocastanaceae, which contains horse chestnuts and buckeyes. The leaves are oblong and the flowers are white. The leaf is spade shaped, with a rounded bottom and is characteristically wider in the other third of the leaf. Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, Privacy and Legal Statements — Also included are three non-chestnut species that are often confused with chestnut. Accessibility Sweet chestnut timber is similar to oak but is more lightweight and easier to work. Chestnuts are sturdy, pest-resistant trees and very few chestnut diseases can cause large-scale damage. Chestnut (Castanea), some species called chinkapin or chinquapin, is a genus of eight or nine species of deciduous trees and shrubs in the beech family Fagaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Some may be surprised to learn that the Horse Chestnut is not really a chestnut. The chestnuts are a group of eight or nine species of deciduous trees and shrubs in the genus Castanea, in the beech family Fagaceae. TACF National Office 50 North Merrimon Avenue, Suite 115, Asheville, NC 28804, Phone: 828-281-0047 Fax: 828-253-5373 chestnut@acf.org, Chestnut Oaks, Beeches, and Horse Chestnuts, Samples from Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine, Vermont, or New Hampshire, Samples from Indiana, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, or Delaware, Samples from Kentucky, Virginia, or West Virginia, Samples from Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, or Mississippi, If you think you have an American chestnut tree, send us a. It is said to be between 2,000 and 4,000 years old. By browsing the following sites, one will also find that there are at least five different species of chestnuts that can be found in the eastern United States, but there are several other species and subspecies that can be found worldwide. Uses of sweet chestnut. Digitized images of the Castanea collection at Western Carolina University in Cullowhee, NC. Here is some detailed information on the horse chestnut tree. Timber Chestnut: Hybrids of American, Asian and European species selected for timber form and blight resistance. Press leaves between pieces of cardboard to flatten and prevent curling or crushing as they dry. They are actually a member of a completely different family, Hippocastanaceae, which contains horse chestnuts and buckeyes. Look at the leaves of the tree. Please don’t send photos without mailing in a leaf sample as well. Chestnut (Castanea), some species called chinkapin or chinquapin, is a genus of eight or nine species of deciduous trees and shrubs in the beech family Fagaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The burlike fruits contain edible nuts, and several species are cultivated as ornamental and timber trees. Chestnut Identification. A good place to start is to compare American and Chinese chestnuts. Identify trees with our Tree ID app. Over 80% of the leaves that are sent to us each year for identification are either from Chinese chestnuts or Chinese/American hybrids, because these trees are resistant to the chestnut blight. Some may be surprised to learn that the Horse Chestnut is not really a chestnut. The American chestnut is a tall tree, reaching up to 100 feet high in the wild and producing rich-tasting nuts. It first appeared in New York City on a few chestnut trees. The name also refers to the edible nuts they produce. 2020 The Pennsylvania State University, Identifying Chestnut trees in the woods (Spring), ACCF Guide to Identifying American Chestnut, Identification of Chestnut (Castanea) Species - Dichotomous Key, USDA CSREES Northeast Regional Projects - Chestnut, Restoration of American Chestnut to Forest Lands, USDA CSREES Northeast Regional Projects - Chestnut Overview, Building Connections Across the Chestnut Supply Chain, Appalachian Trail MEGA-Transect Project Overview, Partnerships, Presentations, and Articles, Restoration of American Chestnut to Forest Lands Overview. This is a project in cooperation with the Carolinas Chapter of TACF. Castanea dentate (American chestnut) Before chestnut blight reached the Carolinian forests this was a tree 18-24 m (occasional 30 m) tall. Next, look at how the leaves attach to the tree. They are native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Penn State Hotlines Over 80% of the leaves that are sent to us each year for identification are either from Chinese chestnuts or Chinese/American hybrids, because these trees are resistant to the chestnut blight. Link courtesy of Dr. Paul Sisco. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 m (99 ft) high. Also compare true American chestnut with three trees often confused with chestnut: chestnut oak, beech, and horse chestnut. Aesculus hippocastanum is a large deciduous tree, commonly known as Horse Chestnut or Conker tree. Chinese and American Chestnuts Japanese Chestnut European Chestnut Allegheny Chinquapin Chestnut Oaks, Beeches, and Horse Chestnuts. It is glossy and heavier than American leaves. There are 10 taxa of Castanea, (9 species and 3 hybrids). Also compare true American chestnut with three trees often confused with chestnut: chestnut oak, beech, and horse chestnut. The common name Chestnut refers to the edible nuts the trees produce. The European Chestnut is botanically called Castanea sativa.