Owing to these reasons, positivism and post positivism were considered unsuitable for the present study. It is also known as the transformative (Mertens, 2005) and critical-ideological paradigm (Ponterotto, 2005). The use of ‘post’ by postcolonial scholars by no means suggests that the effects or impacts of colonial rule are now long gone. The pioneers of Post-colonialism like Edward Said, Franz Fanon, Homi Bhabha among others, concerned themselves with the social and cultural effect of colonization. Although they are both post-positivist theories and have a lot in common, there are differences between these two approaches. Post-colonialism. The colonial and postcolonial realities of international law have been ... Positivism, the jurisprudence that has prevailed since the 19th century, 740. (2008) in the following manner: In essence, what post-colonialism, as a movement, does is to expose to both the colonizer and ex-colonized the falsity or validity of their assumptions. Experimental science in search of laws In this paragraph I will highlight and explain some differences between post-colonialism and post-structuralism. Alternatively, the differences between positivist and phenomenology paradigms are best illustrated by Easterby-Smith et al. In other words, it is a dualism between researchers and reality. Other post-colonial films are less direct, and have storylines unrelated to processes of colonialism; instead post-colonial themes run throughout the context of these films. This essay will critically examine the benefits and disadvantages of post-positivism in light of this split, as part of what Yosef Lapid has called ‘the third debate’. Differences between positivism and social constructionism. John McLeod, the author of Beginning Postcolonialism, notes that he is not going to use the hypen throughout the book. To know the world, we must try to detach ourselves, because the social world exists and is real. Rather, it highlights the impact that colonial and imperial histories still have in shaping a colonial way of thinking about the world and how Western forms of knowledge and power marginalise the non-Western world. Timing, assumptions, ideology, and cultural implications. Positivism is an attempt to put the world in a rational, scientific box. Its also an attempt to put the world specifically in a materialist, physicalist box. Postcolonialism includes a vast array of writers and subjects. First of all, post-structuralists focus on language. Milja Kurki has commented that International Relations (IR) is a ‘divided discipline’, split between a ‘positivist mainstream…camp’ and a post-positivist ‘camp’, and she is not alone in this assessment. 4.1.ii Critical Theory: The third research paradigm of critical theory evolved in Germany in the early 1920s (Carroll, 2004). Post-colonial cinema walks a very fine line between documenting important yet uncomfortable truths, and pushing forward the representation of marginalised groups. (Post-)positivist Interpretative Dualism / objectivity; On the one hand reality, on the other the researcher.