Scanlan met Mother Teresa of Calcutta and of praying with Pope John Paul II. 3, sec. It changed the temper of Catholicism from one of tight-lipped isolation to one of greater friendliness with those outside its walls and readiness to look critically at itself and at its image in the eyes of the world. Since this revelation contains only what is true, there is, and there can be, no conflict between any of its statements and the truths of natural knowledge. ‘… hanc sancti Petri sedem ab omni semper errore illibatam permanere.…’ Session IV, chap. There are advantages in beginning with the Catholic position. Vatican I, session III, chap. 2, sec. The great Pope revisited and developed the First Vatican Council's teaching on the relationship between faith and reason, showing how philosophical thinking contributes in fundamental ways to faith and theological learning. This is true if one is thinking only of official papal pronouncements. Dr. David Craig, Professor of English at Franciscan University of Steubenville, reads one of his poems entitled "My 12-Customer Paper Route". Join Host Fr. Vatican I, Canones III, 5: ‘Si quis dixerit, assensum fidei christianae non esse liberum, sed argumentis humanae rationis necessario produci… anathema sit.’ Cf. No similar statement is possible for Protestantism, since there are more than two hundred Protestant sects, each varying slightly in doctrine and attitude from its neighbours. Catholic philosophers and theologians, to be sure, have presented briefs for many conflicting doctrines, but councils have winnowed these out, and popes have declared heretical those who refused assent to the doctrine finally decreed. If he is convinced that anything is really against reason, he cannot, even as a loyal Catholic, accept it. Bob Lesnefsky, Assistant Director of Household Life at Franciscan University of Steubenville, encourages students to have an eternal perspective when considering the future in his talk entitled "Shaping the... Stephen Giordano: Treasuring the Present: Shedding Light Through Candid Conversations. I am reluctant to burden the text with footnotes, but when one is criticising a position, it is essential to have it correct, above all at crucial points. Church and culture. II. Is what is above reason also against reason? M. C. D'Arcy, Belief and Reason (Burns, Oates & Washbourne, 1944), 49. 4, art. E. Gilson, The Philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas (2nd edn, Cambridge, Heffer, 1929), 48. Thus his main ground of practical as well as intellectual worry is swept away. For an English translation of the pronouncements of the Council, see Walter M. Abbott, S.J., ed. The Harmony of Faith and Reason. To do that which is needful for salvation. 9(4) We have seen that the assent of faith is given not because the intellect is clear, but in spite of its not being clear; one believes something because God has said it. But not to see how something can be true is a very different thing from seeing that it is not true. Canon George D. Smith, ed., The Teaching of the Catholic Church (N.Y., Macmillan, 1949), I, 17. But of course its beneficence in the way of peace and comfort is no evidence of its truth, and we are concerned with its truth exclusively. Michael Scanlan, TOR, President Emeritus of Franciscan University of Steubenville, delivers a homily at the Mary, Mercy, and the Eucharist Conference in 1996. The man who can accept it is to be envied in many ways. Politics and philosophy. 12 If the Catholic claim were like some other claims to a truth above or below reason, we should have to acquiesce in such frustration. The difference which I would maintain exists between their beliefs is that the Catholic one is founded on reason, the Nazi and the Communist on messianic expectation, and the Agnostic on disillusionment and an interior disharmony.’4 If one looks into the book called The Flight from Reason, by the late Sir Arnold Lunn, one will find that the title means not the abandonment of philosophy and science for religious superstition, but on the contrary, the abandonment by philosophers and scientists of the one true rationalism, that of the church. The Documents of Vatican II (N.Y., Guild Press, The America Press, 1966). Download Share. In the Summa Theologica and the Summa Contra Gentiles he considers hundreds of revealed truths about God, man, and nature, about saints, angels, and demons, for which he proceeds to offer demonstrations. Treasuring the present as a leader means being able to bring others to strive toward a common goal and to share mutual understanding. (a) The truths that are above reason are not mere blanks for us. Fr. Its authority derives directly from the words of Christ to the Apostle, ‘Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church.’13 The authority given to Peter was transmitted by him to his successors, and it includes the power both to ‘govern the universal church’ and to define its doctrine; on these matters ‘none may reopen the judgement of the Apostolic See, than whose authority there is no greater, nor is it permitted to anyone to review its judgement’.14 Great as this authority is, however, it was instituted as a means of preserving and interpreting doctrine, not extending it. 3. Faith in Allah seems no less strong for Muslims than faith in God the Father and God the Son for Christians. We have seen that seventy-three Scriptural books ‘have God for their Author’. 2 On the question whether that core of teaching is today acceptable we shall have much to say. But how can we assert something as certain or probable when we do not know what we are asserting? Throughout the discussion that follows, we shall try to proceed upon that ground. The persons who have been thus inspired are many. This isn’t to say, of course, that non-Christians cannot reason. But there is a great deal more. Their allegiance to reason has remained unaltered while outside their borders, in theology, in science, even in philosophy, distrust of reason has become rampant. 4. ‘… ratio ad humanum fastigium Thomae pennis evecta, iam fere nequeat sublimius assurgere…’ Mirbt, 376. Dr. Craig's Poetry Reading was part of the Faculty Scholarship... What is your long term plan? With numerous videos from the world’s top Catholic scholars, thinkers, and leaders, plus articles, blog posts, and more, FaithandReason.com is your online portal to a journey of discovery and … STEUBENVILLE, OHIO—An inspiring new video, "A Father to Us All," pays tribute to the legacy of Father Michael Scanlan, TOR, who as president from 1974-2000, transformed Franciscan University of Steubenville from a struggling regional college into a world-renowned leader in Catholic higher education. Will this division of labour hold? And that, for Aquinas, would be worse than absurd.22. ‘How am I to know that the authority of this church is what it says it is? For the things we clearly see by reason must be truths for God as well as ourselves, and to say that these at any point clash with the truths of revelation would be to ascribe incoherence to the divine mind itself. And the truth that is revealed to him is not some set of bleak abstractions about the structure of matter or the ultimate laws of energy, but an intimate report that behind those laws, sustaining them, using them, at times suspending them as he sees fit, is a Person infinitely wise and kind. Summa Theologica, pt I, q. And Vatican II said: ‘everything asserted by the inspired authors or sacred writers must be held to be asserted by the Holy Spirit.’19, Though the details of this large body of revelation are beyond our present concern, there is one distinction within it that we must carefully note. As for philosophy, it has so largely lost confidence in the powers of reason that its central discipline, metaphysics, once looked upon as ‘the queen of the sciences’, has been for decades in semi-hiding. The First Vatican Council laid it down that ‘no man can assent to the Gospel teaching… without the illumination and inspiration of the Holy Spirit.… Wherefore faith… is in itself a gift of God.’23 And again: ‘this faith… is a supernatural virtue whereby, inspired and assisted by the grace of God, we believe that the things which He has revealed are true; not because of the intrinsic truth of the things as perceived by the natural light of reason, but because of the authority of God Himself, who can neither err nor lead into error.’24, (c) Such faith involves the will as well as the intellect.