The compulsory schooling consists of one-year pre-primary education for 6-year-olds and nine-year basic education for children aged 7-16. The Finnish education system consists of early childhood education and care, pre-primary and basic education, general upper secondary and vocational education and training and higher education. 2 The Finnish education system The Finnish education system consists of comprehensive school (grade 1 – 9), upper secondary school or vocational school (grade 10 – 12), higher education (3 + 2 years) and adult education. HiStoRy oF tHe FinniSH eduCation SyStem1 finland is a relatively young country, having only established its independence from the Soviet union in 1917. finland had to fight long and hard to preserve that independence through the Second World War. • Single structure education. Education is provided from the beginning to the end of Investing in education and training The main outcomes of the changes to the system are shown in Appendix 2. 2. 3)! Early childhood education. The Finnish education system isn’t only excellent, but serves as a model for the rest of the world. PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION C m p e l d s c r a y t u i o n BASIC EDUCATION 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 WORK EXPERIENCE WORK EXPERIENCE SPECIALIST VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS FURTHER VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS 3 2 1 POLYTECHNICS VOCATIONAL UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION and TRAINING GENERAL UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION THE EDUCATION SYSTEM OF FINLAND ! 3. *! Adult education is intended for adults and it includes a multitude of alternatives from comprehensive to higher education. The effects of this initiative are now working through the system, and the cohort that will reach Year 12 and seek to gain the QCE in 2008 will be the first to experience the new process. The education system includes early childhood education, preschool education, comprehensive education, upper secondary education and higher education. Moving your children to Finland is sure to a step in the right direction towards giving them the best possible education while you build your career in the nordic country. 3 The assessment system of Finland 13 ... Education and Training Reforms for the Future (ETRF). Higher education faced consolidation and budget restrictions but the ‘Vision for higher education and research in Finland 2030’ aims to mobilise the sector. According to PISA 2006 School Questionnaire data, there were in 49.9% of the classes less than 20 students and in 47.4% of the classes there were 21 – 25 students. Finland continues to implement crucial and forward-looking reforms in its education system, in a climate of fiscal adjustment. Main organisational models of primary and lower secondary education The diagrams reveal three main organisational models of primary and lower secondary education (ISCDE 1 and 2) which are part of compulsory education in all European education systems.