HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY & PHILOSOPHERS Presocratics-Aristotle. However, since metaphysics is technically the study of all reality, and thus whether there is any supernatural element to it at all, in truth metaphysics is probably the most fundamental subject which irreligious atheists should focus on. Exploring and understanding the history of metaphysics and metaphysical thought can be a valuable process if it is used to evaluate the true nature of one's own knowledge and beliefs, and how they might affect your personal study of metaphysics. Metaphysics, it turns out, is the science of essence. The history of metaphysics naturally falls into the same divisions as the history of philosophy in general. Download the Bible, The Holy Quran, The Mahabharata, and thousands of free pdf ebooks on Buddhism, meditation, etc. The graphics have been taken from Donald Palmer’s Looking at Philosophy. Metaphysics is such a broad field that it’s hard to say when it started. I outline features of the emerging consensus that philosophy has now liberated itself from the horizon of onto-theology with respect to the history of metaphysics. I will first outline the Aristotelian roots of first philosophy in section 2, presenting an overview of some important notions, such as being, substance, and essence. Read the reviews and download the free PDF e-books.. Use the search function above to find our free PDF ebooks or use the category list to browse books. when Andronicus of Rhodes, a Peripatetic in the first century B.C., published the complete works of Aristotle, and placed this book after physical treatises. The title “ metaphysics ” originated later, viz. I draw on Jean-Marc Narbonne, Hénologie, Ontologie et Ereignis The History and Importance of Metaphysics. Disclaimer All of the graphics and some of the text have been reproduced from the works referenced without citation. Download PDF’s: holy books, sacred texts, and spiritual PDF e-books in full length for free. In a brief outline of the course which metaphysical speculation has followed, it will be possible to consider only the principal stages, namely (1) Hindu philosophy, (2) Greek philosophy, (3) Early Christian philosophy, (4) Medieval philosophy, (5) Modern philosophy. The word “metaphysics” comes from Aristotle, but he was certainly not the first philosopher to raise metaphysical questions.