Black birch is more comparable to oak in BTU and density. Gardens. White birch doesn’t dry well until it is split because the bark seals moisture in so well. Heat Output (BTUs): 20.8 Birch Overview. White, river, and brown birch are usually judged inferior to black and yellow birch. Birch makes excellent firewood for burning on a wood burner, stove or in an open fire. Birch has low heat output, decent coals, and produces a moderate level of smoke. Note *4 White Pine is used for new home construction. You will find White Birch primarily in the far northern states and Canada. With that established, here are a handful of trees stand above all others when it comes to producing quality firewood. Birch bark contains oils that make it burn well. Also, what constitutes the “best” firewood varies depending on its planned use. Birch will burn unseasoned although the sap can cause a build up of deposits in the flue. Beginning Farmer’s Guide to Log Splitters, manage and minimize creosote buildup in your chimney. White Oak is a great firewood for holding a fire overnight. Firewood Info Chart based on data from: U.S. Forest Products Laboratory (and numerous other sources) Here is collected data from many reliable sources regarding important characteristics of firewood, to best decide which might be appropriate for burning in your woodstove or fireplace. has the shortest shelf life from moisture absorption – burn it first – this has nothing to do with heat value but birch has the most wonderful aroma when burned. The way white birch burns is noted as markedly different when compared to other firewood. Please let us know a convenient time to call you on, (*All time slots are available in CDT zone.). It has low to medium heat. One coniferous tree you probably don’t want to burn at all is hemlock, as it’s roughly akin to burning a rock. If you use firewood as the primary heat source for your house, you’ll want a high-quality wood that produces a lot of heat. The wood from these oak trees is prized for its strength and density, and that density makes it one of the best at producing heat. There is something biologically imbedded in us that makes us want to be seen as someone who can produce a good fire, especially when our friends are watching. This wood produces a good heat, although it burns relatively quickly, so in a fire, it’s best to use it in a mix of slower-burning woods, such as elm or oak. Paper birch is what we sell the rich folks from southern New England and New York that rent ski condos and such. White birch will produce 20.2 million BTU's per cord. If, on the other hand, your main interest is creating a fire to add ambience and atmosphere to a winter evening, you might be fine with a lower-quality wood. Birch firewood is the best of the worst types of firewood. White ash, sugar maple and birch trees also produce excellent firewood, albeit not quite as good as oak and hickory. The wood from the hickory family of trees, which includes pecan trees, is also very dense and prized for use as firewood, being of similar quality to oak. When the bark is split into thin sheets it will make a really good ignition material since it catches fire easily. All rights reserved. White ash weighs less than most other types of quality firewood and is easier to split into burnable logs. (For more on saving time and effort splitting wood, see our Beginning Farmer’s Guide to Log Splitters.) That said, this wood is a little better than that of most coniferous trees because it doesn’t spark as much. Yellow birch and especially black birch are higher in BTU and usually considered to be the best of the birches for firewood. White Birch, also known as Paper Birch, is named due to its thin white bark that often peels in paper-like layers from the trunk. Birch Firewood Usage. Your email address will not be published. If you have any experience with birch and especially experience with the differences between the different types, please post your comments below. However, with so many different types of wood, learning which trees make good firewood can be a time-consuming and labor-intensive process. There is error while submitting your request. Scrap White Pine lumber makes good kindling. Finishing: In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. One lesser-known tree that makes great firewood is black locust. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A beautiful wood to look at and work with, and sold at a reasonable price. In other words, it’s solidly in the bottom tier for firewood quality, but it still outperforms other types that come later in this list. White birch, paper birch and gray birch firewood burns good but doesn’t last long. The species has a fairly limited range, growing in just a handful of states through the Appalachian Mountains and into Missouri and Arkansas, but it produces a strong, dense wood famous for making fence posts. Too Much Charcoal Building Up in a Wood Stove, Does Burning Softwood Cause Creosote in a Chimney, Soaking Wood Chips for Smoking and Grilling. Standard Burn Qualities. Creosote can stick  to the walls of your chimney and become a fire hazard. It burns clean and doesn’t pop. And it will rot fairly quickly if it is not cut split and dried. White birch doesn’t dry well until it is split because the bark seals moisture in so well. It has low to medium heat. White birch produces brilliantly white colored flames and emits a unique, pleasing scent when burning. It looks nice in the living room even though it’s heat value is marginal. Black birch is excellent but far less common. And it will rot fairly quickly if it is not cut split and dried. Not surprisingly, the same density and durability that makes black locust good for fence posts also makes it among the best firewood trees. It tends to rot (or pooches) from the inside out. These woods also tend to produce more sparks and smoke, which can spoil the mood that you want to generate by starting a nice, cozy wood fire. Your email address will not be published. It’s hard to top the cozy feeling generated by the sight, sound and smell of a wood fire burning in the fireplace on a cold winter night, sending warmth through your house as the firewood crackles and the fire creates an ever-changing display of hypnotizing patterns that can entertain for hours on end.