The Pope wrote about this act of compassion in a letter, stating: “I think in particular of all the women who have resorted to abortion. The patron saint of missionaries and one of the founders of the Jesuit order, Saint Francis Xavier sought religious converts throughout Asia during the 1500s. New Argentine cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio kisses Pope John Paul II after he received the red berretta, a four-cornered red hat, during the Consistory ceremony in Saint Peter's Square on Feb. 21, 2001. His remarks were heralded by several gay and lesbian groups as a welcoming gesture by the Roman Catholic Church. Bergoglio was elected pope on Wednesday, March 13, 2013, making him the first pope ever from the Americas. ", Later that month, Pope Francis gave a revealing interview to an Italian Jesuit publication called La Civiltà Cattolica. Top row, from left to right, his brother Alberto Horacio, Bergoglio, his brother Oscar Adrian and his sister Marta Regina. By the time he was ordained, however, she accepted his calling and asked for his blessing at the end of his ordination ceremony. Argentinian Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio was elected as the 266th Pontiff and will lead the world's 1.2 billion Catholics. In April, the Vatican announced that Chilean bishops were being summoned to Rome for emergency discussions, and released a letter in which the Pope acknowledged "serious mistakes" in his handling of the matter, saying he felt "pain and shame" for the "crucified lives" of victims. He built eight more California missions over the next thirteen years. On March 13, 2013, at the age of 76, Bergoglio was named the 266th pope of the Roman Catholic Church — becoming the first citizen from the Americas, the first non-European and first Jesuit priest to be named pope, and adopting the name Pope Francis (he took the title after St. Francis of Assisi of Italy). Named Person of the Year by Time magazine in 2013, Pope Francis has embarked on a tenure characterized by humility and outspoken support of the world's poor and marginalized people and has been involved actively in areas of political diplomacy and environmental advocacy. He graduated from a technical school as a chemical technician before beginning training at the Diocesan Seminary of Villa Devoto. Pope Francis chided world leaders for failing to "reach truly meaningful and effective global agreements on the environment." The documentary, written and directed by Wim Wenders, shows the Pope's "work of reform and his answers to today’s global questions from death, social justice, immigration, ecology, wealth inequality, materialism, and the role of the family." ", In November 2017, Pope Francis visited Myanmar amid a humanitarian crisis that had sparked the exodus of more than 600,000 Rohingya Muslims from the country. After Pope John Paul II's death in April 2005, Bergoglio reportedly received the second-most votes in the 2005 papal conclave; Pope Benedict XVI (Joseph Ratzinger) was chosen as Pope John Paul's successor. He has said that initially, his mother did not support his decision to enter the priesthood, despite the fact that she was a devout Catholic. We strive for accuracy and fairness. Pope Francis, second right, celebrates his inaugural Mass with cardinals, inside the Sistine Chapel, at the Vatican, on March 14, 2013. According to the Catholic News Service, Francis told the crowd that "When man thinks only of himself...[and] permits himself to be captivated by the idols of dominion and power..., [t]hen the door opens to violence, indifference, and conflict. "I do not want a Church concerned with being at the center and then ends by being caught up in a web of obsessions and procedures. Benedict XVI served as pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 2005 to 2013. She was canonized in 2000. "We have to find a new balance; otherwise, even the moral edifice of the church is likely to fall like a house of cards, losing the freshness and fragrance of the Gospel," the pope said. While in Rio, Pope Francis was on hand to celebrate World Youth Day. In September 2015, Pope Francis continued to stir up the status quo in the Catholic Church when he announced that priests around the world will be allowed to forgive the “sin of abortion” during a “year of mercy,” which starts December 8, 2015 and ends November 20, 2016. He told the members of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences that he supported the Big Bang theory and evolution. Pope Francis made his first international visit on July 22, 2013, when he arrived at the Galeão-Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. One line in the prayer had been recited for generations in English as "lead us not into temptation," but the Pope said that was "not a good translation," pointing out the French Catholic translation, "do not let us fall into temptation" as a more appropriate alternative. In the same way, however, I can and must state that there is no sin that God’s mercy cannot reach and wipe away when it finds a repentant heart seeking to be reconciled with the Father. He also suffered a personal loss around that same time after several members of his family were killed in a car accident in Argentina. A co-production with the Vatican, the film also follows the Pope on his journeys around to world to places like the World Holocaust Remembrance Center in Jerusalem and Ground Zero to the Holy Land and Africa. Bergoglio, the first pope from the Americas, took his papal title after St. Francis of Assisi of Italy. He spoke out against global abuses and the misuse of political and economic power, lamenting the disappearances and suspected murders of 43 students in Mexico; the dangers and losses of life caused by immigration; financial mismanagement within the church itself; and sexual abuse. In August 2018, the Vatican announced that Pope Francis had approved a change to the Catechism of the Catholic Church that now considers the death penalty "inadmissible because it is an attack on the inviolability and dignity of the person." The church explained the new policy as an "evolution" of the previous doctrine, which allowed consideration of capital punishment if it were "the only possible way of effectively defending human lives against the unjust aggressor." In this undated picture released by journalist Sergio Rubin, then priest Jorge Mario Bergoglio, second from left in back row, poses for a picture with his family in an unknown location. “What we have to create is a civil union law. Pope Francis I appears on the central balcony of St Peter's Basilica on March 13, 2013 in Vatican City. Bergoglio taught literature and psychology at Immaculate Conception College in Santa Fé in 1964 and 1965 and also taught the same subjects at the Colegio del Salvatore in Buenos Aires in 1966. The pontiff held a special vigil in St. Peter's Square on September 7, which was attended by an estimated 100,000 people. Noting how one baby crying would spark others to follow suit, he said that if the babies in attendance were "starting a concert" of crying because they were hungry, then mothers should feel free to feed them right there as part of the "language of love.". In December 2019, Pope Francis announced that the church would be abolishing the rule of "pontifical secrecy" in matters related to sexual abuse, allowing for increased cooperation with secular authorities. I would like to thank you for your embrace. During that summer, Pope Francis went on his first visit to Asia. I wish to restate as firmly as I can that abortion is a grave sin, since it puts an end to an innocent life. During a television interview in early December, Pope Francis suggested a small but meaningful change to "Our Father," commonly known as the "Lord's Prayer." . ", He added: "The forgiveness of God cannot be denied to one who has repented, especially when that person approaches the Sacrament of Confession with a sincere heart in order to obtain reconciliation with the Father. There, he was greeted by Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff in a welcome ceremony and later circulated in downtown Rio in order to be "close to the people.".