"'And you shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.' Everything else in the Old Testament in some sense depends on these two commandments: the commandment to love God and the commandment to love our neighbor. There is no other commandment greater than these." The Golden Rule is stated positively numerous times in the Old Testament: Leviticus 19:18 ("Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD. And the second, like it, is this: 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' Deuteronomy 30 Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’  31 The second is this: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’  There is no commandment greater than these.” Read full chapter Rather, it was asked by someone who considered himself to be an expert in the law of the prophets, who only wanted to test Jesus.. And so with Christ’s answer of his great commandments of love, we can truly … The love command—“love your neighbor as yourself” (Leviticus 19:18)—is at the heart of the law of Christ: “Carry each other’s burdens, and in this way you will fulfill the law of Christ” (Galatians 6:2; see also 1 Corinthians 9:20–21). Even in the Old Testament, we’re told to love our neighbors, and part of loving our neighbor includes the fact that we should “not take vengeance or bear a grudge against the sons of your own people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the Lord” (Leviticus 19:18). When Christ was asked what the greatest of all the commandments was, it was not asked in earnest by someone who sincerely wanted to know. (NKJV) "; see also Great Commandment) and Leviticus 19:34 ("But treat them just as you treat your own citizens. "Love your neighbour" has one meaning in the Old Testament and a subtly different meaning in the New Testament, where we acknowledge it to have a more universal meaning. 18 "You shall not take vengeance or bear a grudge against the sons of your own people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the Lord." The same command to love your neighbor as yourself is commanded here, to love the stranger dwelling among you as yourself. However, this question is about its use in the OT. Paul illuminates the truth that love is at the core of the law. Old Testament references Leviticus 19:9-18. This is the first commandment. The other is “Love your rey’a as yourself.” And indeed, Jewish tradition confirms that an educated Jew would have been likely to think of the latter verse because Rabbi Akiva, born not long after Jesus’ death, is quoted by the Jerusalem Talmud as saying, “Love your neighbor as yourself: this is the great principle of the Torah.” The other stupendous thing surrounding the command to love your neighbor as you love yourself is what follows in verse 40, On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets. How to Love Your Neighbor as Yourself.