I had a counter-argument to that to which they in turn had a rejoinder. Theoretical perspective Major assumptions; Functionalism: Religion serves several functions for society. Criticism has always been a healthy thing but Insult has always been unacceptable as it hurts the self-esteem so the laws are always meant to maintain the equilibrium and the Blasphemy law is supposed to keep the people in the limits so the beauty of argument will be balanced in the country and a debating culture will also be flourished. The unregistered institutes, let them be Madarsas or Schools, must be stopped from functioning without any further delay. The Baháʼí Faith in Pakistan begins previous to its independence when it was still under British colonial rule. The Religious data of 2017 Census has not been released. Without the religious frameworks that guide these actions, many people may not feel morally obligated to address societal problems, making religion important to society and its people.  The majority are Sunni (estimated at 75-95%), with an estimated 5-20% Shia. A law can be really good for a particular area but situation can take a complete U-turn in another area. Islam to some extent syncretized with pre-Islamic influences, resulting in a religion with some traditions distinct from those of the Arab world. The one in Peshawar still exists, although the building is not being used for any religious purpose. A few Protestant groups conduct missions in Pakistan. Cases collected by Global Human Rights Defence show that young underage Christian (and Hindu) girls are often targeted by Muslims for forced conversion to Islam. There have been many studies done that confirm that people less and less believe in god or follow any particular religion. One Pakistani, Faisal Khalid (a.k.a.  Muhammad Ali Jinnah (the founder of Pakistan) want Pakistan to be secular, Democratic, liberal republic. Their religion is probably related to Hinduism, but may be related to the Greek and Macedonian Pagan religion. Both variations of Islam have many different religious schools that Pakistanis adhere to. Strategic Analysis: Vol. It is estimated that about 96% adult Pakistanis currently hold CNIC cards, and therefore the total adult population of non-Muslim religions seems to be over 3 million.  In 2019, Naveed Amir, a Christian member of National assembly moved a bill to amend the article 41 and 91 of the Constitution which would allow non-Muslims to become Prime Minister and President of Pakistan.  Ahmadis believe in Muhammad as the best and the last law bearing prophet and Mirza Ghulam Ahmad as the Messiah of Muslims.  Many rituals and ceremonies are celebrated according to Islamic calendar. Some were born in secular families while others in religious ones. There are at least 4,000 Pakistani citizen practicing the Zoroastrian religion.  Adherents of the Kalash religion number around 3,000 and inhabit three remote valleys in Chitral; Bumboret, Rumbur and Birir. I did not convert to Islam, nor did my Egyptian friends become atheists. Everyone was staring at the wall clock, over and over again.  Sufism, a mystical Islamic tradition, promoted by Fariduddin Ganjshakar in Pakpatan, has a long history and a large popular following in Pakistan. The title is arguing clearly form a functionalist perspective on religion.  Only Muslims are allowed to serve as judges in the Federal Shariat Court, which has the power to strike down any law deemed un Islamic, though its judgments can be overruled by the Supreme Court of Pakistan. Two Sufis whose shrines receive much national attention are Ali Hajweri in Lahore (ca. Independent groups have estimated the Pakistani Ahmadiyya population to be somewhere between 2 million and 5 million Ahmadis. Christians ( Log Out / Founded in 1941 by Abū al-Aʿlā Mawdūdī (Maududi), one of the world’s foremost thinkers in Sunni revivalism, the party has long played a role in Pakistan’s political life and has continually advocated refashioning Pakistan as a chaste Islamic or theocratic state.  There are reports of Hindus being converted to Islam by force and threat. Pakistan’s early generation undertook to establish their new state and nation on the basis of Islamic ideology. Of course we wouldn’t hold our beliefs and values if we weren’t convinced that they are true. The Pakistan Hindu Council puts the population at an estimated 8 million as of Oct 2019. The Blasphemy law is too normal like many other laws but its continuous abuse by the extremists; i.e., Talibans and their supporters makes it seem out of the world. The Role of Religion in the State Affairs of Pakistan September 17, 2012 1 Comment Opinion Aslam One of the more important reasons for the formation of Pakistan was the need for a separate religious identity for the Muslims of the Sub-continent. Westport 2002, page 52, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 18:32. The majority of Pakistani Shia Muslims belong to the Twelver (Ithna Asharia) branch, with significant minority who adhere to Ismailism branch that is composed of Nizari (Aga Khanis), Mustaali, Dawoodi Bohra, Sulaymani, and others. , The Baháʼís in Pakistan have the right to hold public meetings, establish academic centers, teach their faith, and elect their administrative councils. About 12 years ago, while studying Arabic in Cairo, I became friends with some Egyptian students. In 1974, the government of Pakistan amended the Constitution of Pakistan to define a Muslim according to Qu'ran 33:40, as a person who believes in finality of Prophet Muhammad under the Ordinance XX.  The majority of Pakistani Shia Muslims belong to the Twelver Islamic law school, with significant minority groups who practise Ismailism, which is composed of Nizari (Aga Khanis), Mustaali, Dawoodi Bohra, Sulaymani, and others.  The country is dotted with numerous ancient and disused Buddhist stupas along the entire breadth of the Indus River that courses through the heart of the country. However Pakistan’s parliament blocked the bill, The focus of Islamic principles creates a system of institutionalised discrimination that filters down into society. 356-369. Pakistani Christians mainly live in Punjab and in urban centres. But I learned an important lesson from our discussions: that I hadn’t properly thought through some of the most basic convictions underlying my way of life and worldview — from God’s existence to the human good. Such rhetoric must make common and public. , The Kalash people practise a form of ancient Hinduism mixed with animism. But before talking about anything, let’s just have a look on facts which are: The established argument in the syllabus and minds of Pakistanis is that our country is taken in the name of Islam for Muslims of the sub-continent because they differed from other communities; i.e., Hindus, Sikhs and British who tortured and abused them in all means; physically, mentally, sexually and psychologically. Pakistani authorities have issued him a passport which stated Judaism as his religion and have allowed him to travel to Israel. Greenwood Press . As a Pakistani scholar, Waheed-uz-Zaman, noted in 1973: 9. Islam is the state religion of Pakistan, and about 95-98% of Pakistanis are Muslim. Change ).  According to the National Commission of Justice and Peace and the Pakistan Hindu Council (PHC) around 1,000 non-muslim minority women are converted to Islam and then forcibly married off to their abductors or rapists.. Independent groups generally estimate the population to be somewhere between two and five million Ahmadis. The word Sunni is an Arabic word, Sunnah, which are used to refer to Prophet Muhammad’s teachings and saying as recorded in hadith.  They are particularly in the affluent areas of the larger cities. About 93% of Hindus live in Sindh, 5% in Punjab and nearly 2% in Balochistan. Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam in both the world an… The remaining 4% practice Hinduism, Christianity, Ahmadis, Sikhism, Baháʼí Faith and other religions.  It is claimed that since 1947, religious minorities went from 23% to 3.7% of the population, due to mass migration of nearly 5 million Hindus and Sikhs to India in 1947 and separation of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) in 1971 which contained nearly 22% of minorities of Pakistan leaving behind approximately 1.6% of minorities in West Pakistan.