French dishes rely heavily on tarragon, and it's one of the herbs that's included in fines herbes. Russian Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculoides Pursch)The English word tarragon is a corruption of the French word estragon, or “little dragon”, derived from the Arabic tarkhun.Various folklore beliefs were that tarragon was good for treating the bites of venomous snakes, while others thought the name was due to the coiled serpent like roots of the plant. It, however, is quite inferior in flavor to its Mediterranean counterpart and hence, less preferred in cooking. Russian and French tarragons are the most famous ones. Tarragon herb health benefits. Russian tarragon is coarser than French tarragon. I’ve heard people say it tastes like grass, which is why many chefs consider the Russian variety to be substandard in the kitchen. This exquisite herb is rich in numerous health benefiting phyto-nutrients that are indispensable for optimum health. On the bright side, it does make seeds and is easier to propagate. Strange as it may seem, both varieties of the herb originated in Russia, but French tarragon is much more popular, due to its slight licorice flavoring, which is highly sought after in the culinary world. A final type, Spanish tarragon, isn’t in the same genus as the first two, but it’s still a better substitute for French tarragon than Russian tarragon is (sorry Russian tarragon). It is mostly cultivated for medicinal and culinary purposes mostly across North America and Eurasia. Recent research has demonstrated that the Russian variety of tarragon can help people to build muscle and improve their body composition. Tarragon is also an essential ingredient in Bearnaise sauce, and for that, there's no substitute. Russian tarragon (A. dracunculoides) is a more robust, closely related species of French tarragon. The study which was published in 2014 backed up some previous studies by finding that tarragon helps increase creatine absorption in the muscles. It's prized for its skinny leaves, which are highly flavorful and aromatic. There are French and Russian varieties of tarragon, but it's the French variety that cooks favor. The Russian variety can be used medicinally. The herb can easily be grown in the backyard, thus making it easily available for immediate use. Russian tarragon tends to have a bitter undertone in its flavoring, as opposed to the smooth and slightly . Russian tarragon’s leaves are more coarse and have less flavor than French tarragon.